Japanese encephalitisJapanese encephalitis is a virus that can cause inflammation of the brain. Most cases occur in Asia – it is not found in Africa or Central or South America. The infection is quite rare, but the serious form has a fatality rate of 30%. There is a major outbreak of Japanese encephalitis every 2-15 years.
- Symptoms Sudden fever, with vomiting and neck stiffness, sometimes leading to confusion, agitation and coma.
- How do you catch Japanese encephalitis? The disease is spread by infected mosquitoes, which bite between dusk and dawn. Japanese encephalitis mainly occurs in rural agricultural areas.
- Incubation period 5 – 15 days
- Diagnosis Diagnosis is confirmed by blood tests.
Japanese encephalitis can be prevented by taking steps to avoid mosquito bites. A vaccine is available prior to travel following assessment by a travel nurse.
There is no cure for Japanese encephalitis. Supportive treatment aims to relieve symptoms and manage any complications.
A licensed vaccine is available for adults and children.
Level of protection: ~96%
Protection duration: 1-2 years.
How is it given: 2 injections preferably @ 0 and 28 days. Rapid schedule may be considered.
Ideally start: 4-6 weeks before travel.
£99.00 Pricing shown is per dose
Did you know?
- Japanese encephalitis is also carried by pigs and wading birds
- High risk activities for Japanese encephalitis include camping, cycling and field work
- Disease transmission can occur througout the year but the risk is higher during the rainy season