MASTA Travel Health Alert- 13th October 2016
An outbreak of anthrax, with 58 cases, has been reported in Chama district (E), Oct 16. The outbreak is thought to be linked to the eating of infected hippopotamus meat.
Anthrax is a bacterial infection which can affect the skin, lungs and gastro-intestinal tract. It is generally transmitted via infected livestock. Ensure that all meat is well cooked and from a safe source.
Over 150 cases of cholera have been reported, mainly from districts in the suburbs of Kathmandu, Jul-Oct 16.
Cholera is a bacterial infection usually spread through contaminated food and water in areas with poor sanitation. The risk is highest for those with limited access to safe water and medical care such as aid workers and travellers to remote areas with reported outbreaks. Symptoms include watery diarrhoea and dehydration. An oral vaccine is available for those at particular risk.
An outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease, with 35 cases (2 deaths), has been reported from the Montebello district of Parma (N), Sep-Oct 16. Investigations into the outbreak are currently underway.
7 cases (1 death) of Legionnaires’ disease have been reported from Salou, Tarragona province (NE), Oct 16. All those affected stayed at the same hotel.
Legionnaires’ diseaseis a bacterial infection which can cause a life-threatening pneumonia. Outbreaks are often associated with communal water facilities such spas, showers and cooling towers.
325 cases (8 deaths) of scrub typhus have been reported from 38 different districts of the country, Jul-Oct 16. Many of these cases are from Chitwan district (C). Outbreaks were reported from various districts including Kathmandu, Nawalparasi (C) and Dhading (E), Oct-Nov 15.
Scrub typhus is an illness caused by a Rickettsia bacteria that is spread by mites on rodents. Symptoms vary but often include headache, fever and rashes. Travellers should minimize exposure by avoiding rodents and using insect repellents.
35 cases of West Nile fever have been reported in this transmission season from 13 counties, Oct 16. 18 cases were reported in 2015.
63 cases of West Nile fever for this transmission season have been reported from 6 districts including Haifa, Central and Tel Aviv districts, Oct 16. 125 cases were reported in 2015.
59 cases of West Nile fever have been reported in this transmission season from 15 Northern provinces, Oct 16. 61 cases were reported in 2015.
85 cases (8 deaths) of West Nile fever have been reported from a number of regions for this transmission season, May-Oct 16. The most affected regions have been Braila (SE) and Bucharest (S). 32 cases were reported in 2015.
130 cases of West Nile virus have been reported in this transmission season, from 8 oblasts, with Saratovskaya oblast (S) reporting the most, to Oct 16. 39 cases were reported from SW regions in 2015.
30 cases of West Nile fever have been reported in this transmission season, to Oct 16. 28 cases were reported in 2015.
3 cases of West Nile fever have been reported in this transmission season from Seville region, Aug-Oct 16.
West Nile fever is a viral infection spread by the bite of mosquitoes. It usually causes flu-like symptoms, but can rarely cause fatal brain infection. The elderly are at higher risk of complications. There is no specific treatment.